about 1540, and a legend soon sprang up that the devil, by whose aid he
wrought his wonders, had finally carried him off. In 1587 a life of him
appeared, in which are attributed to him many marvelous exploits and in
which he is held up as an awful warning against the excessive desire for
secular learning and admiration for antique beauty which characterized the
humanist movement of the time. In this aspect the Faust legend is an
expression of early popular Protestantism, and of its antagonism to the
scientific and classical tendencies of the Renaissance.